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Quick look-up of  the Historical Madurai in the History.

Source : "A study of street names of Madurai City"
by Mr. D Devaraj, P.G.Asst.
Pasumalai Higher Secondary School, Madurai - 625004

3rd century BC Greek ambassidor Megasthanes visited Madurai and made outstanding remarks about Madurai
27 BC Pandya kings constructed Romans neighborhood in Madurai with the relationship of roman emperor - Augustus Ceaser
140 AD Ptolemy called Madurai as "Mediterranean Emporium of the South"
2nd Century AD Kadaichangam ended in Madurai
3rd Century AD Pandya kings established Tamil Sangam in Madurai
3rd  to 6th Century AD Madurai was under the rule of Kalar-Pirar
470 AD Vasindranandhi (Samana Periyar) established Dhravidar Sangam
7th Century AD Thirugnana Sambandar did Tamil literary work in Madurai
9th Century AD Manikkavasagar did Tamil literary work in Madurai
575 to1310 AD Pandya Kings took back the rule of Madurai.
1268 to 1310 AD Venice traveller Marco-polo visited Madurai during this reign of Maravarman Kulasekaran
1311  AD Malik Kapoor and Kushrukan captured Madurai
1328  AD Madurai became the part of Muhamad-bin Tuklak empire
1330  AD Jallaudin Hansha was appointed as Madurai's first collector
1377  AD Delhi sultan's rule came to an end
14th Century AD Vijayanagar emperor Hariharar appointed a new collector for Madurai
1529 to 1564 AD Visuvanatha Nayakar ruled Madurai
1623 to 1659 AD Thirumalai Nayakar ruled Madurai
1645 AD Vandiyoor Teppakulam was built by Thirumalai Nayakar
1689 to 1706 AD Rani Mangammal ruled Madurai
1707 to 1736 AD Namaha Nayakar ruled Madurai under the kingdom of Krishna Deverayar.
17th Century AD Robert-de Nobili did Tamil literary work in Madurai
1736 AD Arcot Navab captured Madurai
1759 to 1764 AD Khan Sahib ruled Madurai
1790 AD British's East India company took over Madurai
1790 AD Madurai got a new English collector Alexander Macliot
1840 AD Collector Black Burne demolished the fort and the moth around old Madurai and expanded the city.
1851 AD Dr. R.Graul, Director of Evangelical Lutheran Mission in Lepsic stated that "Madurai is the Athens of the east"
1857 AD English rule started officially
1869 AD Central Jail was built in Madurai
1873 AD District Court was built in Madurai
1875 AD Railway transportation system was introduced in Madurai
1914 AD Underground sewage system was constructed in Madurai
1947 AD English rule came to an end

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MADURAI HISTORY 
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